Australian traffic drives on the left hand side of the road.
If you are in doubt about your driving licence being accepted in Australia, rather obtain an International Licence from your local automobile association prior to your departure.
For information about Australian car rentals, see our car rental FAQ's sheet.
Road speed limits differ between states but are generally 100-110kph on the highways and 50-60kph in built-up areas. Interstate highways are not of the same standard as USA and European highway systems but nor do they carry the same traffic volumes.
Don't hitch-hike, it is illegal.
Never leave small children or animals locked in vehicles in very hot weather. Dehydration occurs very quickly. This practice is illegal and offenders may be fined.
The most serious danger on the road is driver fatigue. Look for driver refreshment stations and pull off and rest after driving for several hours.
Be careful when driving on country roads at night in cold weather. Cattle and native animals such as kangaroos lie on the bitumen road surface which holds the warmth of the sun. Car lights blind and mesmerise the animals and they may just as easily run into your vehicle as run away from it.
When travelling on remote outback roads/tracks, always advise someone at the destination of your expected arrival time and number of people in your party. If you fail to arrive within a reasonable time, help procedures can be started. Do NOT leave your vehicle as a missing vehicle is much easier to find that a missing person.
When travelling on unsurfaced or poor quality roads, always conduct a vehicle check before starting off on the next sector.
Extra care is needed when sharing the road with road-trains. These are prime movers with multiple trailers of cattle attached and are about 50 metres (170 feet) long. Always give them plenty of room as the buffeting from displaced air as you pass in opposite directions can be quite severe. Allow at least 1 kilometre (3000 feet) of clear road before overtaking a road train.
Do not attempt to cross flooded rivers and causeways unless you are sure of the water depth and possible road surface damage. Most flash floods recede within 24 hours.
Dust from passing vehicles on outback roads can obscure your vision. Don't take risks, slow down or stop until it settles.